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Denis Alexander

Dr Denis Alexander


Denis Alexander is the Emeritus Director of the Faraday Institute for Science and Religion,St Edmund's College, Cambridge, where he is

Denis Alexander is the Emeritus Director of the Faraday Institute for Science and Religion,St Edmund's College, Cambridge, where he is a Fellow. Dr Alexander was previously Chairman of the Molecular Immunology Programme and Head of theLaboratory of Lymphocyte Signalling and Development at The Babraham Institute, Cambridge. Prior to that he was at the Imperial Cancer Research Laboratories in London (now Cancer Research UK), and spent 15 years developing university departments and laboratories overseas, latterly as Associate Professor of Biochemistry in the Medical Faculty of the American University of Beirut, Lebanon. There he helped to establish the National Unit of Human Genetics.

He was initially an Open Scholar at Oxford reading Biochemistry, before obtaining a PhD in Neurochemistry at the Institute of Psychiatry in London.

Dr Alexander writes, lectures and broadcasts widely in the field of science and religion. From 1992-2013 he was Editor of the journal Science & Christian Belief, and currently serves as a member of the executive committee of the International Society for Science and Religion. He gave the Gifford Lectures at St. Andrews University in 2012 and these are due to be published by CUP this month under the title 'Genes, Determinism and God'.

Recent selected publications in science and religion

  • Alexander, D. R. (2001) 'Rebuilding the Matrix - Science and Faith in the 21st Century', Oxford: Lion Publishing, hb 512 pp. pb edn 2002. US hb edn 2003; French edn 2004; Turkish edn 2010; Chinese edn 2013.
  • Alexander, D.R. and White R.S. (2004) 'Beyond Belief - Science, Faith and Ethical Challenges' Oxford: Lion Publishing.
  • Alexander, D.R. (Ed + Chapter). (2005) 'Can We Know Anything? Science, Faith and Postmodernity', Leicester: Apollos.
  • Alexander, D.R. (2008) 'Science and religion – negotiating the 21st century rapids', in A. Bentley (ed) The Edge of Reason, London: Continuum.
  • Alexander, D.R. (2008, 2nd edn 2014) 'Creation or Evolution - Do We Have to Choose?', Oxford: Monarch.
  • Alexander, D.R.and Numbers, R.L. (eds) (2010) 'Biology and Ideology from Descartes to Dawkins' University of Chicago Press.
  • Alexander, D. R. (2011) 'The Language of Genetics – an Introduction'. Philadelphia: Templeton Foundation Press and London: Darton, Longman & Todd.
  • Alexander, D.R. (2012) 'A Critique of Intelligent Design' in Darwinism and Natural Theology: Evolving Perspectives (ed Andrew Robinson), Newcastle: Cambridge Scholars Publishing.
  • Alexander D.R. (2012) 'Science and Religious Belief in the Modern World: Challenges and Opportunities' in Science and Religion: Christian and Muslim Perspectives (ed David Marshall), Georgetown University Press, pp 35-45.
  • Alexander D.R. (2012) 'Creation and Evolution' in Blackwell Companion to Science and Christianity (eds James Stump and Alan Padgett), pp 233-245.
  • Alexander, D.R. (2012) 'The Spirit of God in Evolutionary History' in The Spirit in Creation and New Creation [ed Michael Welker], Eerdmans, 2012.
  • Alexander, D.R . (2012) 'Creación o evolución:¿tenemos que elegir?' in E. Chuvieco (ed) Ciencia y religión en el siglo XXI: recuperar el diálogo, FUNDACIÓN RAMÓN ARECES, S.A., Madrid, Spain, pp 215-238.
  • Alexander, D.R. (2013) 'L'age d'Adam: deux modeles pour le dialogue entre la Genese at la Science', in Adam qui es-tu? (Lydia Jaeger, ed), Paris: Editions-Excelsis, pp. 111-128.
  • Alexander, D.R. (2013) 'The Implications of Evolution for Religious Belief' in K. Kampourakis (ed) Philosophical Issues in Public Education, Springer, pp 179-204.
  • Alexander, D.R. (2013) in Can Science Dispense With Religion? (ed. Mehdi Golshani), Amin Research and Cultural Center, Malaysia, pp. 21-39.
  • Alexander, D.R. (2014) 'Order and emergence in biological evolution', Faith & Thought, April, pp. 18-38.
  • Alexander, D.R. (2014) 'The Faraday Institute for Science and Religion – the First Seven Years', in The Science and Religion Dialogue [Michael Welker, ed], Peter Lang, pp73-86.
  • Whiteway E. and Alexander, D.R. (2015) 'Understanding the Causes of Same-Sex Attraction', Science and Christian Belief, 27:17-40.

Recent selected science publications

  • Ogilvy, S., Louis-Dit-Sully, C., Cassady, R.L., Alexander, D.R. and Holmes, N. (2003) J.Immunol. 171:1792-1800. 'Either of the CD45RB and CD45R0 isoforms are effective in restoring T cell, but not B cell, development and function in CD45-null mice'.
  • Turner S.D., Tooze R., Maclennan K, and Alexander D.R. (2003) Oncogene 22: 7750-61 'Vav-promoter regulated oncogenic fusion protein NPM-ALK in transgenic mice causes B-cell lymphomas with hyperactive Jun Kinase'.
  • Zhao, R., Yang, F.-T., and Alexander, D.R. (2004). Cancer Cell, 5: 37-49. 'An oncogenic tyrosine kinase inhibits DNA repair and DNA damage-induced Bcl-xL deamidation in T cell transformation'.
  • Alexander, D.R. (2004) Cell Cycle 3: 584-7 'Oncogenic tyrosine kinases, DNA repair and survival'.
  • Alexander, D.R. (2005) 'Biological validation of the CD45 tyrosine phosphatase as a pharmaceutical target” in L.A.Pinna and P.W.Cohen (eds) 'Handbook of Experimental Pharmacology', Springer.
  • Turner, S.D. and Alexander, D.R. (2005) Leukaemia 7: 1128-1134. 'What have we learnt from mouse models of NPM-ALK induced lymphomagenesis?'
  • Elliott, J.I., Surprenant, A., Marelli-Berg, F.M., Cooper, J.C., Cassady-Cain, R.L., Wooding, C., Linton, K., Alexander, D.R. and Higgins, C.F. (2005). Nat. Cell. Biol. 7: 808-816. 'Membrane phosphatidylserine distribution as a non-apoptotic signaling mechanism in lymphocytes'.
  • Salmond, R.J., Huyer, G., Kotsoni, A., Clements, L. and Alexander, D.R. (2005) J. Immunol. 2005, 175: 6498-6508. 'The src Homology 2 Domain-Containing Tyrosine Phosphatase 2 Regulates Primary T-Dependent Immune Responses and Th Cell Differentiation'.
  • Turner S.D. and Alexander, D.R. (2006). Leukemia 20: 572-82. 'Fusion Tyrosine Kinase Mediated Signalling Pathways in the Transformation of Haematopoietic Cells'.
  • Zhao,, R., Oxley, D., Smith, T.S., Follows, G.A., Green, A.R. and Alexander, D.R. (2007) Plos Biology, doi:10.1371/journal.pbio.0050001. 'DNA Damage-induced Bcl-xL Deamidation is Mediated by NHE-1 Antiport Regulated Intracellular pH'.
  • McNeill, L. Salmond, R.J. Cooper, J.C., Carret, C.K., Cassady-Cain, R.L., Roche-Molina, M., Tandon, P., Holmes, N. and Alexander, D.R. (2007) Immunity 27: 425-437. 'The differential regulation by CD45 of Lck kinase phosphorylation sites is critical for TCR signalling thresholds'.
  • Rider, D.A., Havenith, C.E.G., de Ridder, R., Schuurman, J., Favre, C., Cooper, J.C., Walker, S., Baadsgaard, O., Marschner, S., van de Winkel, J.G.J., Cambier, J., Parren, P.W.H.I. and Alexander, D.R. (2007) Cancer Res. 67: 9945-9953. 'A human CD4 monoclonal antibody for the treatment of T cell lymphoma combines inhibition of T cell signaling by a dual mechanism with potent Fc-dependent effector activity'.
  • Zhao, R., Follows, G.A., Beer, P.A., Scott, L.M., Huntly, B.J.P, Green, A.R. and Alexander, D.R. (2008). New England J. Medicine, 359: 2778-2789. 'Inhibition of the Bcl-xL deamidation pathway in myeloproliferative disorders'.

Multimedia resources

Genes, Determinism and God PDF MP3  
The Historical Background to the Science-Religion Debate   MP3Video (download)Video (streaming)
Truth Telling in the Practice of Science   MP3Video (download)Video (streaming)
Does Evolution have any Religious Significance?   MP3Video (download)Video (streaming)
Transcending Dawkins' God: Renewing the Interface between Science and Faith   MP3Video (download)Video (streaming)
Is God a Virus?   MP3Video (download)Video (streaming)
God and Biology Panel discussion.   MP3Video (download)Video (streaming)
God and Darwin   MP3Video (download)Video (streaming)
Human Enhancement: How far should we go   MP3Video (download) 
Brain, Mind, Neurons and Free-Will - Panel Discussion chaired by   MP3  
Genetic and Cellular Complexity: A Critique of Intelligent Design   MP3  
Theological Issues arising from Evolution   MP3  
Creation or Evolution: Do we have to choose?   MP3  
Creation or Evolution: Do we have to choose?      
Evolution, Adam and Eve, The Fall and Suffering      
Genetics, God and the Future of Humanity      
Are We Slaves to our Genes?      

Mr Graham Budd


President and COO, ARM, Cambridge. Graham became President and COO in 2018, having been Arm's Chief Operating Officer since 2008. Prior

President and COO, ARM, Cambridge.

Graham became President and COO in 2018, having been Arm's Chief Operating Officer since 2008. Prior to this he was EVP and General Manager of the Processor Division from 2005. Graham joined Arm in 1992 as a VLSI design engineer and led the development of several of Arm's early system-on-chip designs. Since then he has held a number of engineering, marketing and operations leadership roles. Graham has been a member of the Arm Executive Committee since 2005, and was appointed to the Board in 2017.

Dr Jimmy Chan


Quantitative Investment Fund Analyst. Jimmy Chan was a Prince Philip Scholar and read Engineering at Downing College, Cambridge. He graduated

Quantitative Investment Fund Analyst.

Jimmy Chan was a Prince Philip Scholar and read Engineering at Downing College, Cambridge. He graduated with First Class Honours and was awarded the Institute of Civil Engineers Prize for Management Studies by the Engineering Department. He then pursued a PhD in Management at the predecessor of Judge Business School, funded by a Cambridge Shell Scholarship. Following his doctorate, Jimmy left academia to join Mr Allan Gray at Orbis Investments in 1992 as a Quantitative Investment Analyst. He qualified as a Chartered Financial Analyst in 1995 and was appointed a Director of Orbis Investment Advisory Limited in 1997. From 2002 to 2016, he was Chief Operating Officer and head of Orbis in the UK. As part of the senior management team, Jimmy worked closely with the founders in growing Orbis from 15 people in 1992 into a global firm of about 400 employees in 8 countries in 2018, with an industry-leading long-term investment performance track record and $38 billion of assets under management. Since leaving his full-time employment at Orbis, Jimmy has been working at Allan & Gill Gray Philanthropy to set up its philanthropic initiatives.

Russell Cowburn FRS

Prof. Russell Cowburn FRS


Russell Cowburn has research interests in nanotechnology and

Russell Cowburn has research interests in nanotechnology and its application to magnetism, electronics and optics.  Before returning to Cambridge in 2010 he held positions at the CNRS Paris, University of Durham and Imperial College London.  He is now the Director of Research for the Department of Physics, the founder of two start-up companies and the inventor of the anti-counterfeiting technology ‘Laser Surface Authentication’.  He has had over 60 patents granted and is a frequent invited speaker at international conferences.  He is the winner of the GSK Westminster Medal and Prize, the Degussa Science to Business Award, the Hermes International Technology Award and the Institute of Physics Paterson Medal and Prize.  In 2009 his research was recognised by the European Union by the award of a 2.8 million Euros ERC Advanced Investigator Grant, given only to the highest level of international research.  Professor Cowburn was elected a Fellow of the Royal Society in 2010.

Research Interests

His research group is currently involved in a number of research projects in the areas of nanoscale magnetism and spintronics. Applications of these basic research projects include low energy computer chips, ultrahigh density 3-dimensional data storage and healthcare devices. His philosophy of research is to span a spectrum from applied physics through technology to commercialisation.



Key Publications

“Three dimensional magnetic nanowires grown by focused electron-beam induced deposition”, Scientific Reports 3, 1492 (2013)

“Magnetic ratchet for three-dimensional spintronic memory and logic”, Nature 493, 697 (2013)

"Near-field interaction between domain walls in adjacent permalloy nanowires", Phys. Rev. Lett. 103, 077206 (2009)

"Measuring domain wall fidelity lengths using a chirality filter", Phys. Rev. Lett. 102, 057209 (2009)

"High efficiency domain wall gate in ferromagnetic nanowires", Appl. Phys. Lett. 93, 163108 (2008)

"Fingerprinting' documents and packaging", Nature 436, 475 (2005)

"Magnetic domain wall logic", Science 309, 1688-1692 (2005)

"Domain wall propagation in magnetic nanowires by spin polarized current injection", Europhysics Letters 65, 526 (2004)

"Magnetic domain wall dynamics in a submicrometre ferromagnetic structure", Nature Materials 2, 85-87 (2003)

"Submicrometer ferromagnetic NOT gate and shift register", Science 296, 2003-2006 (2002)

"Room temperature magnetic quantum cellular automata", Science 287, 1466-1468 (2000)

"Single domain circular nanomagnets", Phys. Rev. Lett. 83, 1042-1045 (1999)



Multimedia resources

Nanotechnology, Ethics and Religion   MP3Video (download) 
Nanotechnology, Ethics and Religion   MP3  
The God of Small Things: Nanotechnology, Creation and God   MP3  
The God of Small Things: Nanotechnology, Creation and God PDF    
Why does matter matter to God?      
Perfection and Randomness: Lessons from Nanotechnology      
J.S.Hill Gaston

Prof. J.S.Hill Gaston


Prof. Hill Gaston read medicine at Lincoln College, Oxford and undertook general medical training in London and Bristol. Research training

Prof. Hill Gaston read medicine at Lincoln College, Oxford and undertook general medical training in London and Bristol. Research training began in Bristol as a Cancer Research Campaign Fellow, and postdoctoral training at Stanford with a Medical Research Council travelling fellowship. He returned to the UK to the Department of Rheumatology in Birmingham where he was Wellcome Trust Senior Clinical Fellow and honorary consultant, before moving to Cambridge as the foundation Professor of Rheumatology. He is director of studies in Clinical Medicine at St. Edmund’s College, and takes an active role in research and education in rheumatology and immunology through the British Society for Rheumatology and the Arthritis Research Campaign

His research interests are in immunological mechanisms in rheumatic disease, and interactions between infection and the immune system. Prof. Gaston has an active research team of postdoctoral researchers and graduate students, working in cellular immunology, particularly T cell cloning (see Prof Gaston is married to a local G.P. and has two children; leisure interests include music (listening, not making), reading (biographies), and travel. He is an active member and past churchwarden of a local Anglican church, Holy Trinity, Cambridge.

Recent Publications

  • Jarvis, L.B., Matyzak, M.K., Duggleby, R.D., Goodall, J.C., Hall, F. C., and Gaston, J.S.H. Autoreactive human peripheral blood CD8+ T cells with a regulatory phenotype and function. Eur. J. Immunol. 35:2896-2908 (2005).
  • Goodall, J.C., Ellis, L. and Gaston, J.S.H.. Spondyloarthritis-associated and non-spondyloarthritis associated B27 subtypes differ in their dependence upon tapasin for surface expression and their incorporation into the peptide loading complex. Arthritis and Rheumatism. In press. (2005)
  • Matyszak, M.K. and Gaston, J.S.H. Chlamydia trachomatis-specific human CD8+ T cells show two patterns of antigen recognition. Infect. Immun. 72(8): 4357-67 (2004).
  • Lillicrap, M.S., Duggleby, R.C., Gaston, J.S.H. and Goodall. J.C. T cell recognition of a highly conserved epitope in heat shock protein 60: self tolerance maintained by distinguishing between asparagine and aspartic acid. International Immunology 16:405-414 (2004).
  • Cox, C.J., Kempsell, K.E. and Gaston, J.S.H. Investigation of infectious agents associated with arthritis by RT-PCR of bacterial rRNA. Arthritis Research and Therapy 5:R1-8.(2003).
  • Gaston, J.S.H. Reactive arthritis and enteropathic arthropathy. Chapter in Oxford Textbook of Rheumatology, 3rd edition, eds. D.A. Isenberg, P. Maddison, P. Woo, D. Glass, and F. Breedveld. Oxford University Press , Pp779-786 (2004).
  • Gaston, J.S.H. Reactive arthritis. Chapter in Oxford textbook of Medicine, 4th edition, eds. D.A. Warrell. T.M. Cox, Firth, J.D. and Benz, Jr, E.J, Oxford University Press. vol. 3 pp 57-61 (2004).
  • Gaston, J.S.H. Cellular Immunity in Rheumatoid Arthritis. Chapter in Rheumatology, 3rd edition, eds. M.C. Hochberg, A.J. Silman, J.S. Smolen, M.E. Weinblatt, M.H. Weisman, Mosby-Harcourt. Pp 843-850 (2003).

Rodney Holder

Revd Dr Rodney Holder


Rodney Holder read mathematics at Trinity College, Cambridge, and researched for a

Rodney Holder read mathematics at Trinity College, Cambridge, and researched for a D.Phil. in astrophysics at Christ Church, Oxford. Following 14 years working for the UK Ministry of Defence, he returned to Oxford to study theology and was ordained in the Church of England in 1997. After several years of parish ministry he was appointed Course Director of the Faraday Institute from its inception until his retirement in January 2013. Rodney has explored ways in which science and faith complement each other in a number of books and is a regular speaker on the relationship between religion and science, especially cosmology.  He was Reviews Editor of Science and Christian Belief and was on the national committee of Christians in Science from 2006-2017. In addition, he is a Fellow of the International Society for Science and Religion, and a member both of the Society of Ordained Scientists and of the Science and Religion Forum.

Recent selected publications in science and religion

  • Holder, R. D. (2017), 'Thomas Torrance: Science, Theology, and the Contingent Universe', Participatio: The Journal of the T. F. Torrance Theological Fellowship, vol. 7, 27-48.
  • Holder, R. D. (2017), 'Gaia Hypothesis', 'Hoyle, Fred', 'Lakatos, Imre', 'Libertarian Free Will', 'Popper, Karl', in Paul Copan, Tremper Longman III, Christopher L. Reese, and Michael G. Strauss (eds.), Dictionary of Christianity and Science (Grand Rapids, MI: Zondervan), 297-298, 365-366, 404, 413-415, 522-523.
  • Holder, R. D. (2016), 'Explaining and Explaining Away in Cosmology and Theology', Theology and Science 14(3), 234-255, .
  • Holder, R. (2014), Longing, Waiting, Believing: Reflections for Advent, Christmas and Epiphany (Abingdon: The Bible Reading Fellowship).
  • Holder, R. (2014), 'Can a Multiverse Provide the Ultimate Explanation?', Faith and Thought 56, 4-18.
  • Holder, R. (2013), ‘Why We Need Ramified Natural Theology’, Philosophia Christi, 15 (2), 271-282.
  • Holder, R. (2013), Big Bang, Big God: A Universe Designed for Life? (Oxford: Lion Hudson). 
  • Holder, R. and Mitton, S. (eds.) (2013), Georges Lemaître: Life, Science and Legacy. Royal Astronomical Society-Springer.
  • Holder, R. and Mitton, S. (2013), ‘Georges Lemaître: A Brief Introduction to His Science, His Theology, and His Impact’, in Rodney Holder and Simon Mitton (eds.) (2013), Georges Lemaître: Life, Science and Legacy, 1-7.
  • Holder, R. (2013), ‘Georges Lemaître and Fred Hoyle: Contrasting Characters in Science and Religion’, in Rodney Holder and Simon Mitton (eds), Georges Lemaître: Life, Science and Legacy, 39-53.
  • Holder, R. (2013), ‘Natural Theology in the Twentieth Century’, in Russell Re Manning (ed.), The Oxford Handbook of Natural Theology, Oxford: Oxford University Press.
  • Holder, R. (2012), ‘An Augustinian Perspective on Creation and Evolution’, in John Doody, Adam Goldstein and Kim Paffenroth (eds.) (2012), Augustine and Science, Series Augustine in Conversation: Tradition and Innovation, Lanham, MD: Lexington Books.
  • Holder, R. (2012), ‘Lemaître and Hoyle: Contrasting Characters in Science and Religion’, Science and Christian Belief 24 (2), 111-127.
  • Holder, R. D. (2012), 'Quantum Theory and Cosmology', in J. B. Stump and Alan G. Padgett (eds.), The Blackwell Companion to Science and Christianity (Chichester: Wiley-Blackwell), 220-230.
  • Holder, R. D. (2012), The Heavens Declare: Natural Theology and the Legacy of Karl Barth (West Conshohocken, PA: Templeton Press).
  • Holder, R. D. (2011), 'God and the Multiverse: A Response to Stephen Hawking', Faith and Thought 51, 3-17.
  • Holder, R. D. (2009), 'Beyond Science: Answering the Boundary Questions', in A. M. Herzberg (ed.), Statistics, Science and Public Policy XIII: Responsibility, Prosperity and Culture. Proceedings of the Conference on Statistics, Science and Public Policy held at Herstmonceux Castle, Hailsham, UK, April 16-19, 2008, 79-84.
  • Holder, R. D. (2009), 'Thomas Torrance: 'Retreat to Commitment' or a New Place for Natural Theology?', Theology and Science 7(3), 275-296, 
  • Holder, R. D. (2009), 'Science and Religion in the Theology of Dietrich Bonhoeffer', Zygon 44(1), 115-132.
  • Holder, R. D. (2008), Nothing But Atoms and Molecules? Probing the limits of science, Third Edition (Cambridge: The Faraday Institute) (First Edition, Crowborough: Monarch Publications, 1993).
  • Holder, R. D. (2008), 'Modern Science and the Interpretation of Genesis: Can We Learn from Dietrich Bonhoeffer?', Theology and Science 6(2), 213-231, 
  • Holder, R. D. (2007), 'Creation and the Sciences in the Theology of Wolfhart Pannenberg', Communio Viatorum XLIX, 210-253.
  • Holder, R. D. (2006), 'Fine-tuning and the Multiverse', Think 12, 49-60.
  • Holder, R. D. (2005), 'God and Differing Interpretations of Quantum Theory-Response to Paul', Science and Christian Belief 17(2), 177-185.
  • Holder, R. D. (2004), God, the Multiverse, and Everything: Modern Cosmology and the Argument from Design (Aldershot, and Burlington, VT: Ashgate).
  • Holder, R. D. (2002), 'Fine-tuning, Multiple Universes and Theism', Noûs 36, 295-312.
  • Holder, R. D. (2001), 'The realization of infinitely many universes in cosmology', Religious Studies 37, 343-350.
  • Holder, R. D. (2001), 'Karl Barth and the Legitimacy of Natural Theology', Themelios 26, 22-37.
  • Holder, R. D. (2001), 'Fine-Tuning, Many Universes and Design', Science and Christian Belief 13, 5-24.
  • Holder, R. D. (1999), 'Multiple Universes as an Explanation for Fine-Tuning', Science and Christian Belief 11, 65-66.
  • Holder, R. D. (1998), 'Hume on Miracles: Bayesian Interpretation, Multiple Testimony, and the Existence of God', Brit. J. Phil. Sci. 49, 49-65.

Photo: Nigel Bovey/The War Cry

Multimedia resources

The Search for Extra-Terrestrial Life   MP3Video (download)Video (streaming)
Science and the Justification of Religious Belief PDF    
Lemaitre and Hoyle: Contrasting Characters in Science and Religion   MP3Video (download) 
God and the Multiverse   MP3  
Science and Religion: Friends or Foes?   MP3Video (download) 
Is the Universe Designed?   MP3  
Is the Universe Designed? - a Theist's View   MP3  
An Introduction to the Science and Religion Dialogue   MP3  
Science and Natural Theology      
Cosmology and Faith      
Is the Universe Designed?      
Cosmology and the Christian Doctrine of Creation      
Cosmology and the Anthropic Principle      
Colin Humphreys FRS

Prof. Sir Colin Humphreys FRS


Colin Humphreys is the Director of Research in the Department of Materials

Colin Humphreys is the Director of Research in the Department of Materials Science and Metallurgy, University of Cambridge; Professor of Experimental Physics, The Royal Institution; Professorial Fellow, Selwyn College, Cambridge; past-President, Institute of Materials, Minerals and Mining; Director, Rolls-Royce University Technology Centre on Advanced Materials, Cambridge; and Director of the Cambridge Aixtron Centre for Gallium Nitride. Prof. Humphreys has received numerous honours and awards, most recently the Kelvin Medal and Prize, Institute of Physics (1999); award of an honorary D.Sc. from the University of Leicester (2001); the European Materials Gold Medal, Federation of European Materials Societies (2001); and the Robert Franklin Mehl Gold Medal, The Minerals, Metals and Materials Society, USA (2003). Prof. Humphreys is also very involved in the public understanding of science, having served as Selby Fellow, Australian Academy of Science (1997); as Fellow in the Public Understanding of Physics, Institute of Physics (1997-99); and as President of the Physics Section of the British Association for the Advancement of Science (1998-99).

He publishes and lectures extensively in the field of science and religion, and has a particular interest in the application of scientific knowledge to the understanding of the historicity of the Biblical text.

Recent publications in science and religion

  • Humphreys, C.J. - "The Star of Bethlehem - A Comet in 5 BC - and the date of the birth of Christ" Q.Jl. R. Astr. Soc., 32, 1991, 389-407.
  • Humphreys, C.J. - "The Star of Bethlehem - A Comet in 5 BC - and the date of Christ's birth". Tyndale Bulletin, 43, 1992, 32-56
  • Humphreys, C.J. and Waddington, W.G. - "The Jewish Calendar, a lunar eclipse and the date of Christ's Crucifixion", Tyndale Bulletin, 43, 1992, 331-351.
  • Humphreys, C.J. - "The Star of Bethlehem", Science & Christian Belief, 1993, 5, 83-101.
  • Humphreys, C.J. and White R.J. - "The eruption of Santorini and the date and historicity of Joseph". Science and Christian Belief, 7, 1995, 151-162
  • Humphreys, C.J. - "The number of people in the Exodus from Egypt: decoding mathematically the very large numbers in Numbers I and XXVI", Vestus Tesatmentum XLVIII, 1998, 196-213.
  • Humphreys, C.J. - "How Many People Were in the Exodus from Egypt?" Science & Christian Belief, 2000, 12, 17-34
  • Humphreys, C.J. - "The numbers in the Exodus from Egypt: a further appraisal". Vetus Testamentum, 50, 2000, 323-328.
  • Humphreys, C.J. - "How many thousands did Moses pilot across the Red Sea?" Manna, 69, 2000, 20-21.
  • Humphreys, C.J. - "The Miracles of Exodus - A Scientist's Discovery of the Extraordinary Natural Causes Underlying the Biblical Stories", 362 pages, Harper San Francisco, USA, and Continuum, UK, 2003, hardback and 2004 paperback..
  • Humphreys, C.J. - "The Mystery of the Last Supper: Reconstructing the Final Days of Jesus", 244 pages, Cambridge University Press, UK 2011.

Selected recent science publications

  • Graham, D.M., Soltani-Vala, S., Dawson, P., Godfrey, M.J., Smeeton, T.M., Barnard, J.S., Kappers, M.J., Humphreys, C.J., and Thrush, E.J. ‘Optical and microstructural studies of InGaN/GaN single quantum well structures’ J.Appl.Phys. 97, 2005, 103508
  • Martinez C E, Stanton N M, Kent A J, Graham D M, Dawson P, Kappers, M.J., Humphreys, C.J. ‘Determination of relative internal quantum efficiency in InGaN/GaN quantum wells’ J. Appl. Phy. 98, 053509 (2005)
  • Ofori, A.P., Rossouw, C.J., and Humphreys, C.J Determining the site occupancy of Ru in the L12 phase of a Ni-base superalloy using ALCHEMI’ Acta Materialia, 53, 2005, 97-110
  • Oliver, R. A., Kappers, M.J., Humphreys, C.J. and Briggs, G.A.D, ‘Growth modes in heteroepitaxy of InGaN on GaN’ J. Appl. Phys. 97, 2005, 013707
  • Robinson, J.W., Rice, J.H., Lee, K.H., Na, J.H., Taylor, R.A., Hasko, D.G., Oliver, R.A., Kappers, M.J., Humphreys, C.J. and Briggs, G.A.D. ‘Quantum-confined Stark effect in a single InGaN quantum dot under a lateral electric field’ Appl. Phys. Lett, 86, 2005, 213104
  • Vickers, M.E., Kappers, M.J., Datta, R., McAleese, C., Rayment, F.D.R. and Humphreys, C.J. ‘In-plane imperfections in GaN studied by X-ray diffraction’ J. Phys. D. Appl. Phys., 38, 2005, A99-A104
  • Campbell, L.C., Wilkinson, M.J., Manz, A., Camilleri, P. and Humphreys, C.J. ‘Electrophoretic manipulation of single DNA molecules in nanofabricated capillaries’ Lab Chip, 4, 2004, 225-229
  • Kaestner ,B., Schönjahn, C. and Humphreys, C.J. ‘Mapping the potential within a nanometre undoped GaAs region using a scanning electron microscope’ Appl.Phys.Lett., 84, 2004, 2109-2111
  • Rice, J.H., Robinson, J.W., Jarjour, A., Taylor, R.A., Oliver, R.A., Briggs, G.A.D., Kappers, M.J. and Humphreys, C.J ‘Temporal variation in photoluminescence from single InGaN quantum dots’ Appl. Phys. Lett. 84, 2004, 4110-4112
  • Taylor, R.A., Robinson, J.W., Rice, J.H., Jarjour A., Smith, J.D., Oliver, R.A., Briggs, G.A.D., Kappers, M.J., Humphreys, C.J., and Arakawa, Y. ‘Dynamics of single InGaN quantum dots’ Physica E, 21, 2004, 285-289

Multimedia resources

Can Scientists Believe in Miracles?HTMLPDF MP3  
Can Scientists Believe in Miracles? - DiscussionHTMLPDF MP3  
Science and Miracles   MP3Video (download)Video (streaming)
Astronomy and the date of the Crucifixion   MP3Video (download)Video (streaming)
Science and the question of miracles   MP3Video (download)Video (streaming)
Science and the dating of the Easter week events   MP3  
Science and the Star of Bethlehem   MP3Video (download) 
Science and the Reliability of the Bible      
Dating Biblical Events Using Science      
Harvey T. McMahon FRS

Dr Harvey T. McMahon FRS


Harvey McMahon conducts a highly creative research programme

Harvey McMahon conducts a highly creative research programme centred on molecular mechanisms underlying endocytosis. He has discovered different lipid-bending and curvature-sensing mechanisms, and established their generality in facilitating vesicle trafficking between different cellular compartments. The strength of his work is two-fold: first, by undertaking electron microscopic and X-ray diffraction studies, he has been able to formulate novel hypotheses regarding protein function; and second, he has developed imaginative biochemical and cell-free assays to test these structure–function predictions. His research is ground-breaking, having a profound influence on current concepts of molecular processes fundamental to all cells. He was elected a Fellow of The Royal Society in 2008

Multimedia resources

Is Teleology still a Useful Concept in Biology?   MP3  
Mind-brain and freewill      
The Brain, Free Will and Determinism      
Janet Soskice

Prof. Janet Soskice


Janet Soskice is Professor of Philosophical Theology, Cambridge University and a Fellow of Jesus College. She was born in British

Janet Soskice is Professor of Philosophical Theology, Cambridge University and a Fellow of Jesus College. She was born in British Columbia, and studied at Cornell and Sheffield, prior to doing a doctorate in the philosophy of religion (religious language) at Oxford University. While the Gordon Milburn Junior Research Fellow and subsequently as a lecturer at Ripon College, Cuddesdon, she taught philosophy of religion, ethics and doctrine at Oxford University and philosophy at Heythrop College, University of London.

Prof. Soskice is a past-President of the Catholic Theological Association of Great Britain and is currently President of the Society for the Study of Theology. She has been a visiting professor in Canada, Sweden and the United States and in 1997 was a McCarthy Visiting Professor at the Gregorian University in Rome. She is a past Board member of the international Catholic journal, Concilium, and is currently a member of the board of Modern Theology. Prof. Soskice is actively involved with the Margaret Beaufort Institute of Theology, a Catholic house of study for women within the Cambridge Theological Federation, with Jewish-Christian relations, and with Anglican-Roman Catholic ecumenical discussions amongst other commitments.

Janet Soskice is the author of Metaphor and Religious Language (O.U.P. 1984); The Kindness of God (O.U.P. 2007) and has edited (with Grant Gillett and K.W. Fulford), of Medicine and Moral Reasoning (C.U.P , 1994) and with Diana Lipton, Feminism and Theology, Oxford Readings in Feminism (OUP, 2003). Her most recent book is Sisters of Sinai: How Two Lady Adventurers Discovered the Lost Gospels (Chatto, March 2009 and Knopf, summer 2009).

She is currently editing, with Carlo Cogliati, David Burrell and Bill Stoeger, S.J., Creation and the God of Abraham, papers from a conference at the Vatican Observatory on creatio ex nihilo, in science and the three Abrahamic faiths.

Multimedia resources

Creation ex Nihilo and What It Means for Science   MP3Video (download) 
Creation Ex Nihilo      
Polly Stanton

Mrs Polly Stanton


Polly Stanton used to be the Administrator and Office Manager of the Faraday Institute. She read Maths and Physics, receiving

Polly Stanton used to be the Administrator and Office Manager of the Faraday Institute. She read Maths and Physics, receiving a BEd from Sheffield University and went on to teach Mathematics. She took a long career break from formal Maths teaching to bring up a family but maintained an interest and involvement in education as a parent, school governor and private tutor. She serves on the Diocesan Board of Education and Cambridgeshire's Local Authority Admissions Forum and is a member of the governing bodies of two schools. In 2005 she completed a Masters degree at the Faculty of Education in Cambridge. Her thesis explored the role of school governors, with particular reference to the way they function relationally within the school structure.

Mr Chris Townsend


Christopher Townsend was previously Senior Partner in Mills & Reeve Solicitors specialising in employee share schemes and tax for companies

Christopher Townsend was previously Senior Partner in Mills & Reeve Solicitors specialising in employee share schemes and tax for companies and their owners.

Prof. Ian White


Ian White is currently Vice-Chancellor and President of the University of Bath, previously Master of Jesus College, van Eck Professor

Ian White is currently Vice-Chancellor and President of the University of Bath, previously Master of Jesus College, van Eck Professor of Engineering, and Deputy Vice-Chancellor of the University of Cambridge. He gained his BA and PhD degrees from the University of Cambridge in 1980 and 1984, and was then appointed a Research Fellow and Assistant Lecturer at the University of Cambridge before becoming Professor of Physics at the University of Bath in 1990. He moved in 1996 to the University of Bristol, before returning to the University of Cambridge in October 2001. At Cambridge Ian White has also previously held the roles of Head of the School of Technology and Pro-Vice-Chancellor for Institutional Affairs.

Ian White is a Fellow of the Royal Academy of Engineering, the Institution of Electrical Engineers and the Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers. He is an Editor-in-Chief of Electronics Letters.

Multimedia resources

Scientific Life for the Christian      
Bob White FRS

Prof. Bob White FRS


Professor Robert (Bob) White is Professor of Geophysics in the Department of Earth Sciences at Cambridge (since 1989) and Director

Professor Robert (Bob) White is Professor of Geophysics in the Department of Earth Sciences at Cambridge (since 1989) and Director of the Faraday Institute for Science and Religion. He was elected a Fellow of the Royal Society in 1994, and a Fellow of the American Geophysical Union in 2016. In 2018 he was awarded a Gold Medal of the Royal Astronomical Society, which is their highest award, in recognition of a lifetime’s achievement in research. He is also a Fellow of the Geological Society, an elected Member of the International Society for Science and Religion and several other professional bodies; he serves on many of their committees. Since 1988 he has been a Fellow of St Edmund's College, Cambridge, prior to which he was a student and Research Fellow at Emmanuel College, Cambridge.

He leads a research group investigating the Earth's dynamic crust: in particular the way in which enormous volumes of volcanic rock are produced when continents and oceans rift apart, and the movement of molten rock under active volcanoes. He has organised many overseas fieldwork projects and supervised over 55 PhD students at Cambridge, many of whom are now prominent in academia, industry, government and education. His work at sea has taken him to the Atlantic, Indian and Pacific Oceans and his research group is currently investigating the internal structure of volcanoes in Iceland. His scientific work is published in over 350 papers and articles.

 Selected Science-Religion Publications

  • Alexander, D. and White, R. S. (2004). Beyond Belief: Science, Faith and Ethical Challenges, Lion, Oxford, 219pp.
  • White, R. S. (2005). Truth in the geological sciences, in Can We Be Sure About Anything? Science, Faith and Postmodernism (ed. Denis Alexander), Apollos (an imprint of Inter-Varsity Press), Leicester, pp. 187-213.
  • White, R. S. (2005). Genesis and Creation, Truth Matters, Reform article (see
  • White, R. S. (2007). The Age of the Earth, Faraday Paper 8 [see also Evangelicals Now, December 2002, 18]
  • Spencer, Nick and White, Robert (2007). Christianity, Climate Change and Sustainable Living, SPCK, 245pp. [published in USA as Spencer, Nick, White, Robert and Vroblesky, Virginia, by Hendrickson
  • White, Robert S. (editor) (2009) Creation in Crisis: Christian Perspectives on Sustainability, SPCK, 298pp.
  • White, R. S. (2012), ‘Take Ten: Scientists and their Religious Beliefs’, in Wisdom, Science and the Scriptures (eds. S. Finnamore & J. Weaver) (Oxford: Regents Park College), pp. 157R10;179.
  • Jonathan A. Moo and Robert S. White (2013) Hope in an Age of Despair: The Gospel and the Future of Life on Earth, Inter-Varsity Press: Leicester, 224 pp., ISBN: 978-1844748778
  • Colin Bell, Jonathan Chaplin & Robert White (eds) (2013), Living Lightly, Living Faithfully: Religious faiths and the future of sustainability, The Faraday Institute for Science and Religion, Cambridge, ISBN: 978-0-9559074-3-2
  • Jonathan A. Moo and Robert S. White (2014) Let Creation Rejoice: Biblical Hope and the Ecological Crisis, Inter-Varsity Press: Illinois, ISBN: 978-0-8308-4052-6
  • Robert S White (2014), Who is to Blame? Nature, Disasters and Acts of God, (Oxford: Lion Hudson), 207 pp. ISBN 978-0-85721-4737
  • Colin Bell & Robert S. White (eds) (2016) Creation Care and the Gospel: Reconsidering the Mission of the Church, Hendrickson: Peabody, MA, 350pp., ISBN 9781619707252
  • Robert White (2016), Erdeben, Vulkane und andere Katasrophen, in Barbara Drossel (ed), Naturwissenschaftler reden von Gott, (Giessen: Brunnen), pp. 135-152.

Selected Scientific Publications

  • White, R. and  McKenzie, D. (1989). Magmatism at rift zones: The generation of volcanic continental margins and flood basalts. Journal of Geophysical Research, 94, 7685-7729.
  • White, R. S., McKenzie, D. and O'Nions, R. K. (1992). Oceanic crustal thickness from seismic measurements and rare earth element inversions. Journal of Geophysical Research, 97, 19,683-19,715.
  • Bown, J. W. and White, R. S. (1994). Variation with spreading rate of oceanic crustal thickness and geochemistry. Earth and Planetary Science Letters, 121, 435-449.
  • White, R. S., Minshull, T. A., Bickle, M. J. & Robinson, C. J. (2001). Melt generation at very slow-spreading oceanic ridges: constraints from geochemical and geophysical data. Journal of Petrology, 42, 1171-1196.
  • White, R. S., Smallwood, J. R., Fliedner, M. M., Boslaugh, B., Maresh, J. and Fruehn, J. (2003). Imaging and regional distribution of basalt flows in the Faroe-Shetland Basin. Geophysical Prospecting, 51, 215-231.
  • Harrison, A. J.  and White, R. S. (2004). Crustal structure of the Taupo Volcanic Zone, New Zealand: stretching and igneous intrusion, Geophysical Research Letters, vol. 31, L13615, doi: 10.129/2004GL019885.2004.
  • White, R. S., et al. (2008). Lower-crustal intrusion on the North Atlantic continental margin, Nature, 452, 460–464 plus supplementary information at, doi:10.1038/nature06687
  • White, R. S. and Smith, L. K. (2009). Crustal structure of the Hatton and the conjugate east Greenland rifted volcanic continental margins, NE Atlantic, Journal of Geophysical Research, 114, B02305, doi:10.1029/2008JB005856
  • White, R. S., Drew, J., Martens,  H. R., Key, A. J., Soosalu, H. & Jakobsdóttir, S. S. (2011). Dynamics of dyke intrusion in the mid-crust of Iceland, Earth and Planetary Science Letters, 304, 300–312, doi: 10.1016/j.epsl.2011.02.038
  • Tarasewicz, J., Brandsdóttir, B., Robert S. White, R. S., Hensch, M. & Thorbjarnardóttir, B. (2012). Using microearthquakes to track repeated magma intrusions beneath the Eyjafjallajökull stratovolcano, Iceland, Journal of Geophysical Research, 117, B00C06, doi:10.1029/2011JB008751
  • Martens, H. R. & White, R. S. (2013). Triggering of microearthquakes in Iceland by volatiles released from a dyke intrusion, Geophysical Journal International, 194 (3), 1738R10;1754, doi: 10.1093/gji/ggt184
  • Green, R.G., White, R.S. & Greenfield, T. (2014). Bookshelf faulting in the north Iceland volcanic rift zone, Nature Geoscience,7, 29R10;33, plus Supplementary Information, doi: 10.1038/NGEO2012
  • Green, R. G., Greenfield, T. & White, R. S. (2015). Triggered earthquakes suppressed by an evolving stress shadow from a propagating dyke, Nature Geoscience, 8, 629R10;632, doi: 10.1038/NGEO2491
  • Greenfield, T. & White, R. S. (2015). Building Icelandic igneous crust by repeated melt injections, Journal of Geophysical Research, 120, doi: 10.1002/2015JB012009
  • Ágústsdóttir, T., Woods, J., Greenfield, T., Green, R. G., White, R. S., Winder, T., Brandsdóttir, B., Steinthórsson, S. & Soosalu, H. (2016). Strike-slip faulting during the 2014 Bárðarbunga-Holuhraun dike Intrusion, central Iceland. Geophysical Research Letters, plus Supplementary Information, 43, 1495­R10;1503, doi: 10.1002/2015GL067423
  • Hudson, T. S., White, R. S., Greenfield, T., Ágústsdóttir, T., Brisbourne, A. & Green, R. G. (2017). Deep crustal melt plumbing of Bárðarbunga volcano, Iceland, Geophysical Research Letters, 44, doi: 10.1002/2017GL074749



Multimedia resources

Why care for the environment?   MP3Video (download)Video (streaming)
The Challenge of Global Climate Change   MP3Video (download)Video (streaming)
Global Warming: How should the churches respond?   MP3Video (download) 
Natural Disasters and Acts of God: The impact of unsustainable living   MP3Video (download) 
Science, Religion and the Environment: General Principles   MP3  
Natural Disasters: Acts of God or Results or Human Folly?   MP3Video (download) 
Biodiversity and Spirituality   MP3Video (download) 
Are Natural Disasters Acts of God?   MP3  
Take Ten: the religious beliefs of ten famous scientists   MP3  
Introducing Science and Religion      
Disasters: Natural or Unnatural?